What is Proxmox Offline Mirror?

With the Proxmox Offline Mirror tool, you can manage a local apt mirror for all package updates for Proxmox and Debian projects. From this local apt mirror you can create an external medium, for example a USB flash drive or a local network share, to update systems which cannot access the package repositories directly via the internet. Such systems might be restricted by policies to access the public internet or are completely air-gapped. Finally, you can also manage subscriptions for such restricted hosts.

This tool consists of two binaries:


The mirror tool to create and manage mirrors and media containing repositories


The helper to use the external medium on offline Proxmox VE, Proxmox Mail Gateway or Proxmox Backup Server systems as well as managing subscriptions on these systems.


There are three basic entity types available for configuration:


Subscription keys are either for the mirroring system itself, or for the offline systems.

They are configured with proxmox-offline-mirror key ...


A mirror consists of the metadata of an upstream repository and a local path where snapshots of the upstream repository are stored.

  • configured with proxmox-offline-mirror config mirror ...

  • used with proxmox-offline-mirror mirror ...


Point-in-time view of a mirror. Snapshots consist of hardlinks into the underlying storage pool to reduce the disk space requirements.


A medium consisting of local mirrors and a path where the mirrors are synced to

  • configured with proxmox-offline-mirror config medium ...

  • used with proxmox-offline-mirror medium ...

Technical Overview

Behind the scenes, one or more pools consisting of

  • a pool directory containing checksum files (e.g., sha256/3dc7bc5f82cdcc4ea0f69dd30d5f6bb19e0ccc36f4a79c865eed0e7a370cd5e4)

  • a link directory containing directories and hardlinks to the checksum files inside the pool directory

are used to store the repository contents ("snapshots") of repository mirrors in a space-efficient way.

When adding a file, the following steps are done: first the ckecksum file(s) are added, then they are linked under one or more paths. A garbage collect operation will iterate over all files in the link directory and remove those, which are not (or no longer) a hardlink to any checksum files. It will also remove any checksum files which have no hardlinks outside of the pool's checksum file directories.

A pool directory can be shared by multiple mirrors in order to deduplicate stored files across the mirror boundary. For example, it is recommended to have a single pool directory (mirror base directory) for all mirrors of Proxmox repositories.

The default config path is /etc/proxmox-offline-mirror.cfg, but it can be overriden on a per command basis (for example, to allow operation as a non-root user). Use the --config CLI option or the PROXMOX_OFFLINE_MIRROR_CONFIG environment variable.

Getting Help

Enterprise Support

Users with a Proxmox Offline Mirror subscription have access to the Proxmox Customer Portal for offline mirroring/key handling related issues, provided the corresponding offline system has a valid subscription level higher than Community. The customer portal provides support with guaranteed response times from the Proxmox developers.

For more information or for volume discounts, please contact

Community Support Forum

We always encourage our users to discuss and share their knowledge using the Proxmox Community Forum. The forum is moderated by the Proxmox support team. The large user base is spread out all over the world. Needless to say that such a large forum is a great place to get information.

Mailing Lists

Proxmox Offline Mirror is fully open-source and contributions are welcome! The Proxmox VE development mailing list acts as the primary communication channel for offline mirror developers:

Mailing list for developers:

PVE Development List

Bug Tracker

Proxmox runs a public bug tracker at If an issue appears, file your report there. An issue can be a bug, as well as a request for a new feature or enhancement. The bug tracker helps to keep track of the issue and will send a notification once it has been solved.


Copyright (C) 2022 - 2024, Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH

This software is written by Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH <>

Proxmox Offline Mirror is free and open source software: you can use it, redistribute it, and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU Affero General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU Affero General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU Affero General Public License along with this program. If not, see AGPL3.